Hydrogen Production, Storage, & Infrastructure Development
Day 1, Tuesday 14 June, 2022
With the headquarters of 40% of the publicly traded oil and gas exploration and production firms, 14% of America’s refining capacity, and 44% of its petrochemical capacity, Houston is the energy capital of the world. But, that industry faces a dual challenge of providing the energy needed to meet growing global demand, while simultaneously addressing the impacts of climate change. In response to this challenge, the Greater Houston Partnership has launched the Houston Energy Transition Initiative which is leveraging the region’s energy leadership to accelerate global solutions for a low-carbon future.
Global decarbonization momentum has increased the focus on the unique and many roles of hydrogen in a low-carbon energy system. The Houston Gulf Coast area anchors the world’s leading hydrogen system, producing approximately 1/3 of the US’s total H2 gas annually, and encompassing an expansive system of 48 H2 production plants, over 900 miles of H2 pipelines (more than half of the US’s H2 pipelines and one-third of H2 pipelines globally), as well as geologically unique and at scale salt cavern storage. What steps are being taken to ensure Houston can transition rapidly enough capture these new opportunities?
Comparing Liquid Hydrogen, LNG, and Ammonia as energy carriers
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The increase in demand not only means the industry must scale supply, but it also paves the way for investment, infrastructure and technology development. Rising demand is an opportunity for fuel cell manufacturers to improve and evolve their technology. At the forefront of this transition is the goal of lowering fleets’ total cost of ownership, with fuel efficiency, durability and ease of integration all becoming areas where advanced technology can provide value. Loop Energy Director of Business Development North America, Tom Rost, will explore how Loop Energy views this growth in demand and why this is an opportunity to produce better performing and cost-effective hydrogen fuel cells for commercial vehicles.
Hydrogen as a fuel will play an increasing role in the zero emission mobility at the side of the battery electric powertrains. The physical properties of Hydrogen, especially the very low density requires very specific storage systems to reach an appropriate packaging space and range while matching all the safety and integration constraints. With a complete hydrogen storage system developed, Faurecia shares a holistic overview about the function & challenges of hydrogen storage system for mobility application and an outlook of the mandatory step to accelerate the take off.
• Architecture strategy: minimum requirement to manage function/safety
• Filling strategy: Impact of fueling protocol, Noise management, Requirement on components
• Integration challenges, durability & safety
• Industrialization & examples of systems in production
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Global CO₂ emissions must be reduced by more than 80% from current levels by 2050, and a growing number of companies have already committed to their own net zero goals. Mission Net Zero will require a multi-pronged approach - leveraging existing infrastructure, developing next generation capture and utilization technologies and a digital ecosystem to precisely and transparently trace and manage CO2. Investment, Innovation and Integration will be central to keeping the cost of transitions manageable as new technologies arise to achieve these aspirations.
Reaching net-zero will be impossible without CCUS. Shell Catalysts & Technologies and Technip Energies are working together to provide easy and cost-effective CCUS solutions for all industries. By combining both, state-of-the-art carbon capture technology and project execution excellence, we drive cost down to reach our customers decarbonization goals.
Project Tundra is a bold initiative aiming to build the world’s largest carbon capture facility in North Dakota. The project utilizes Fluor’s proprietary Econamine FG PlusSM (EFG+) technology to capture 4 million metric tons per year CO2 from the flue gases produced at the Milton R Young lignite-fired power generation station. Captured CO2 is compressed and dehydrated to meet pipeline specifications, and ultimately sequestered in a geologic storage reservoir.
This presentation will provide an overview of Project Tundra along with the latest overall project status, while also highlighting some key recently developed EFG+ features implemented in the design.
Fluor has developed a new large-scale absorber column design capable of treating 2,400 MMSCFD of flue gas produced by the MRY power station in a single absorption train. The ability to treat such a large volume of flue gas in a single absorption train reduces the capital cost and footprint of the carbon capture facility. Fluor’s proprietary Solvent Maintenance System serves to maintain the quality of the circulating solvent in pristine condition, reducing the solvent degradation rate, and improving the overall environmental signature of the carbon capture unit. In addition, the presentation will provide a breakdown of the relative capital vs. operating costs over the lifecycle of the unit emphasizing the importance of addressing both to reduce the lifecycle cost of carbon capture.
Industry support for large-scale carbon capture and storage continues to gain traction in Houston as well as Texas. What needs to happen to further capitalise on this encouraging trend for wide-scale, affordable deployment?
Cement industry is considered one of the main drivers of climate change, responsible for around 8% of global CO2 emissions. Up to 70% of CO2 emissions in cement production are due to the calcination of limestone (CaCO3). Limestone is the main raw material in the cement production process, and it is separated into calcium oxide (CaO) and CO2 at high temperature.
Some short term solutions on decarbonisation have been identified as levers that companies can pull without a step change in capex required, such as energy efficiency, alternative fuels and product innovation. However, these solutions are not sufficient to significantly reduce the industry’s current high carbon footprint. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is vital to decarbonize cement and lime manufacturing to help reach climate neutrality goals and lessen the negative environmental impacts caused by industrial emissions.
Relying on its industry leading experience in cryogenic technologies, Air Liquide E&C has developed a complete range of CO2 capture technologies called Cryocap™. Cryocap™ is a proprietary technological innovation for CO2 capture that is unique in the world. This technology is proven to be environmentally sustainable because it only requires electricity to operate, which can be supplied by green energy. As it is a high efficiency power-driven technology, CryocapTM is more advantageous compared to solvent based solutions using steam.
Our world is built upon carbon. Abundant, affordable and reliable energy has improved the world’s standard of living and driven technology to new heights not envisioned just a generation ago. However, carbon is increasing in the atmosphere and impacting our climate which requires steps to innovate for a lower carbon future. Alternative energy solutions, like hydrogen, and CCUS technologies must be developed and deployed at scale to lower our collective emissions impact. Hydrogen processes and CCUS work together to produce clean hydrogen. Hydrogen can also be paired with Direct Air Capture (DAC) to produce a drop-in low carbon liquid diesel and jet fuel at scale in the near-term. CCUS, DAC and clean hydrogen can work together to advance a circular carbon economy during the energy transition and play a role in achieving net-zero goals.
A unique chemical looping process can convert a wide range of fuels, both solid and gaseous, such as natural gas, coal, petroleum coke (petcoke), methane, biomass, and other industrial process off-gases and materials, into multiple products including hydrogen, synthesis gas (syngas), and steam for power, process and heating. The process inherently isolates a concentrated CO2 stream which can be used for other onsite processes or transported and stored. This unique chemical looping platform is highly scalable and can be applied to a wide array of industrial processes.
In this emerging market there are many factors to be considered when evaluating technology and project readiness. This panel discussion will touch on the stages of technology development and challenges when advancing to higher technology readiness levels (TRLs) and readiness for deployment. As technologies reach larger-scale demonstrations and deployments, complete projects are developed that must consider more than just the technology advancement and design of the system. As such, this panel discussion will also discuss project funding and financing as this becomes a critical component of project readiness, and other challenges facing the large-scale deployment of carbon capture.
Day 2, Wednesday 15 June, 2022
Growing electrification of our energy systems and penetration of intermittent renewables will call for increased energy storage and hydrogen will be a piece of the puzzle. Moving projects from MW to GW scale, a wide range or storage dimensions can be encountered, from kilograms up to thousands of tons of H2. Vallourec is able to optimize storage solutions, offering solutions covering this full scope, from cylinders to storage in pipelines and other tubular arrangements, all the way to geologic reservoirs like salt caverns. With always safety as first focus, the teams are meeting the technical challenges posed by hydrogen, like high pressures, embrittlement of steel materials or tightness of the connections: a wide range of solution has already been proved compatible for hydrogen and used in the field, and more is coming, providing safety and best lifetime – and ultimately TCO – than some non-metallic alternatives.
Renewable hydrogen is expected to play a large role in the decarbonization of hard to electrify sectors, but it requires abundant availability of renewable electricity coupled with a strong regulatory framework in order to be competitive. EDP Renewables as a leading developer and operator of wind and solar will present how it is leveraging on its current operation and know-how to speed up the pathway of renewable hydrogen cost competitiveness.
This presentation will overview recent advances at Celadyne in development of highly durable membranes for heavy duty fuel cell applications. Results include demonstration of membranes that step towards U.S. Department of Energy’s million-mile fuel cell truck targets. The presentation will also address critical material challenges for fuel cells.
Methanol offers attractive characteristics that make it especially well-suited for economically delivering green hydrogen at the point of use, benefiting both stationary power applications and on-road/off-road mobility. This paper will examine the virtues of methanol as a hydrogen carrier, including technology readiness, carbon intensity, economics, and energy security.Methanol offers attractive characteristics that make it especially well-suited for economically delivering green hydrogen at the point of use, benefiting both stationary power applications and on-road/off-road mobility. This paper will examine the virtues of methanol as a hydrogen carrier, including technology readiness, carbon intensity, economics, and energy security.
Hydrogen is well-suited for an array of applications and unlocks a viable pathway to decarbonization for hard-to-decarbonize heavy industries, such as oil and gas. Hydrogen-powered fuel cells can allow organizations to generate more electricity from less hydrogen while providing reliable power. This presentation will delve into the benefits of using this energy-dense, carbon-free fuel across a variety of scenarios and applications in the oil and gas industry, including co-generation, pipeline blending for low-carbon power, and Combined Heat and Power.
FuelCell Energy, Inc. has leveraged five decades of research and development to become a global leader in delivering environmentally responsible proprietary fuel cell technology. An evolving power grid and zero emissions transportation transition, can use FuelCell Energy’s clean fuel cell technology for decarbonization and hydrogen production.
This presentation will overview recent advances at pH Matter in development of highly durable catalysts for heavy duty fuel cell applications. Results include demonstration of cells that meet the U.S. Department of Energy’s interim million-mile fuel cell truck target. Additionally, strategies being developed for higher power PEM fuel cells will be discussed.